Acidity (acid reflux) causes burning sensation around your lower chest area.
The gastric glands of the stomach create an acid that helps food to digest and to kill any germs. Acidity occurs when the stomach acids are produced more than necessary for digestion. The excess stomach acid flows back up into the food pipe which results in heartburn.
The alkalinity (due to the presence of calcium) of cold milk neutralizes acids in your stomach. Milk absorbs the acids thereby stopping the burning sensation in the gastric system.
The calcium in milk helps to maintain the pH balance and aids in proper digestion. Calcium also prevents the buildup of excess acid by absorbing the acid.
Foods with high-fat content increase acidity by increasing stomach acid production. You may consume skimmed and low-fat milk to control acidity. Moreover, the protein content of the milk strengthens the esophagus muscles and helps prevent the acid reflux.
How to use
- Refrigerate the boiled milk for 2 hours and consume it twice a day
Buttermilk contains lactic acid that neutralizes the acidity in your stomach. Lactic creates a coating around your stomach lining which soothes the stomach. Presence of lactic also reduces the irritation caused due to acidity.
Buttermilk is a good source of probiotics. The good bacteria present in the probiotics prevent the gas build up and stomach bloating which causes acidity. The bacterias also allow the nutrients from the foods to be digested and absorbed quickly thus eliminating chances of acidity.
How to use
- Consume one glass of cold buttermilk after every meal
- Optional: Sprinkle some crushed black pepper for better results
Banana contains potassium which is alkaline in nature. The alkalinity of potassium reduces the acidity in the stomach. Banana also has natural antacids that fight acidity.
The protease inhibitors present in the banana helps to get rid of bad bacteria that causes intestinal gas which in turn causes acidity. The Sulphur and protein content of banana helps in easy and fast digestion.
Banana also contains pectin, a fiber that helps in the smooth movement of the food, thereby preventing delay in the passage. The longer the food stays, the more acid gets produced. Hence, pectin acts as an antacid.
How to use
- Consume one whole banana with breakfast
- You can add banana pieces to the smoothie
#4. Basil Leaves (Tulsi)
Basil leaves stimulate your stomach to produce more mucus. Which in turn helps to relieve the heartburn that occurs with acidity. The anti-ulcer properties of basil leave reduce the production of gas and the effect of gastric acids.
The carminative properties of basil leaves soothe your inflamed esophagus and irritated stomach lining caused by the excessive stomach acid production.
How to use
- Boil 3 to 4 basil leaves in a cup of water
- Simmer for a few minutes
- Sip the water frequently
- Wash 2 to 3 basil leaves and chew them in the morning before breakfast
The cooling properties of pineapple help to reduce acidity by absorbing the excess acid from your stomach. Pineapple contains bromelain, an enzyme that controls the level of hydrochloric acid in your stomach and reduces severe acidity. The anti-inflammatory properties of bromelain also help in reducing abdominal bloating.
The high fiber content of pineapple promotes healthy digestion by smoothly carrying the food through the digestive system. The water content of pineapple cools down the digestion process and helps to prevent the production of excess stomach acids.
How to use
- You can consume pineapple in the form of juice
- Add pineapple pieces to the smoothies or salad
#6. Coconut Water
Coconut water contains potassium (an electrolyte) which helps to balance your body’s pH level and thereby reducing the acidity. Potassium also produces mucus in your stomach which absorbs the excess stomach acid and prevents the occurrence of heartburn caused by acidity.
The dietary fiber content of coconut water helps to promote healthy digestion and prevents the occurrence of acidity. The cleansing properties of coconut water flush out the toxins from your digestive system which helps to cool down your stomach lining and reduce the burning sensation.
How to use
- Consume a daily glass of coconut water half an hour after the meal
- Continue for 2 to 3 months or till the symptoms subside
#7. Gooseberries (Amla)
Gooseberries contain anti-inflammatory compounds and antioxidants like polyphenols. Polyphenols reduce the toxins from your stomach which causes stomach ache. Polyphenols also speed up the digestion by releasing the gastric juices from the stomach.
The presence of fiber does not allow the food particles to stay for too much time within the stomach. Fiber speeds up the flow of nutrients and wastes thereby not allowing excess production of stomach acids.
Gooseberries also contain a high amount of vitamin C which helps in healing the injured stomach lining and esophagus. Consuming gooseberries regularly brings about a calming effect on your stomach which helps reduce acidity in the long run.
How to use
- Cut gooseberries into pieces and add some salt
- Keep them in the sun for a few hours and consume them
- Blend freshly chopped gooseberries
- Discard the pulp
- Add pepper powder and stir well
- Consume every morning on an empty stomach
Watermelon contains a high amount of anti-oxidants and fiber. Together they maintain the mucous membrane inside your stomach which neutralizes the stomach acid and thereby reduce the acidity. The high water content in the watermelon serves as a cooling agent which keeps the digestive system cool by balancing the pH level of your body.
The alkalinity of the watermelon acts as the natural antacids and absorbs all the excess stomach acids. Watermelon is also a good source of magnesium (a medicine for acidity).
How to use
- For effective use, chill a ripe watermelon before consuming
- You can also consume watermelon in the form of juice
The monosaturated fatty acids and omega-3 fatty acids present in almonds have high fiber content. These fatty acids speed up digestion and prevent the occurrence of excess stomach acids.
Almonds contain probiotic components that help in detoxification and the growth of good bacteria. The good bacteria help to reduce heartburns by neutralizing the acids within the stomach.
Further, almonds also contain vitamin E, a natural antioxidant which reduces toxins from your stomach and releases the gastric juices.
How to use
- Place 10 almonds in a bowl and soak them in water overnight
- Remove the almonds from the water the next morning
- Consume the almonds after your morning breakfast
#10. Cut Down on Smoking and Alcohol
Nicotine, in tobacco, is harmful to the mucous membranes that protect the esophagus from acidity. The ring of esophagus keeps the acid within the stomach and prevents the acid from coming up. Nicotine relaxes the ring which lets the acid trickle up and causes the burning sensation.
Further, smokers produce less saliva and thus have less ability to neutralize the acid. Saliva contains bicarbonate (an acid neutralizing substance). When you swallow your saliva, the saliva puts an end to all the excess acid damage caused due to acidity.
While consuming alcohol alone cannot bring acidity, but can worsen the symptoms if you already suffer from acidity. Alcoholic beverages increase stomach acid production which can lead to heartburn.
The acidity in the alcohol also relaxes the esophageal sphincter and the excess stomach acid trickle up to your esophagus.
#11. Avoid Foods that Trigger Acidity
The purpose of your diet during acidity should be focused on reducing the production of excess stomach acids and preventing the acids from trickling up into the esophagus. To achieve this goal, you must avoid certain foods that irritate your esophageal mucosa.
Foods that aggravate the acidity symptoms
- Caffeine present in coffee and chocolate
- Citrus fruits
- Fried food products
- Garlic and onion
If you already suffering from acidity, you can instantly use the above remedies. The remedies are natural and much better than the counter antacids, are easy to follow and do not have any side effects.
However, if you already suffer from high acidity, you must consult a doctor.